15 Tools & Techniques for Collect Requirements Process

The second step in scope management knowledge is to collect requirements. To define the scope, stakeholders must first be contacted. Gathering stakeholder requirements is the main purpose of the gather requirements process.
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Before we get into the details of the collect requirements process and the collect requirements process techniques, let us look at the definition PMP scope management according the PMP project management course. Scope Management defines the boundaries of a project. It also shows what will happen during Project Closure process group.
What are the stakeholder requirements?
Let’s first define what a requirement is before we list fifteen methods and tools to collect requirements. The PMP exam training defines requirements as “what stakeholders want from a project or the product of the project”. The project must collect and manage the requirements of all stakeholders. Once requirements have been finalized, they must be included in scope and tracked throughout the project. To successfully complete a project, stakeholders must see how requirements are met with project deliverables.

Let’s now look at some sample requirements for a project. Let’s take an example of an e-commerce website.
One requirement could be that the system should provide backup between 2:00 and 2:00 a.m. at night. It is likely to receive the lowest traffic at night on a website. A stakeholder who will be involved in the operation of the site may ask for this requirement.
Another requirement is that 1000 concurrent users be able to access the website without any service degradation. This could be a requirement for the capacity manager. Based on the expected traffic, it may be necessary to support 1000 users concurrently.
The last requirement is that the Entry screen load in less than 2 seconds. Today’s customer is very concerned about the speed of a website. The loading time of a website can have a significant impact on customer experience. This can be a requirement for customer service.

There will be many requirements for a project. We have only listed three requirements to illustrate the requirements of a project.
The project charter outlines the high-level requirements for a project. The project charter is created during project initiation. The project charter is created as long as the high-level requirements for a project have been determined. However, new requirements may be received later. These will be gathered and finalized during the planning phase. Collecting requirements requires more detailed inputs.
15 Tools & Techniques
Project management is all about gathering requirements. Because project requirements define the project scope. Any weakness in requirements management can lead to scope issues.
There are many tools and techniques that can be used to collect requirements from project stakeholders. Let’s take a look at the 15 methods to collect requirements one by one.
Technique #1: Interviewing
Interviewing is the first way to collect requirements. Interviews can be conducted in person, by phone or via e-mail. The collect requirements technique is where the Project Manager interviews stakeholders to obtain their requirements. The checklist, questions, or a list can be used. Or the project manager can simply ask the stakeholders to give their expectations of the project in a form. The requirements provided by project stakeholders are recorded and stored by the project manager.

Technique #2: Focus Groups.
Focus group is the second technique to collect requirements and is used to determine g